By John Thornton
This booklet exhibits how very important the African position was once in shaping the Atlantic international that constructed after the navigational breakthroughs of the 15th century. The measure of African initiative displayed during this interval is under pressure, either by means of African elites in facing the hot viewers and buying and selling companions and, even by means of African slaves within the New international. frivolously divided into sections on Africa and Africans within the New global, this learn stresses cultural and institutional backgrounds to Africa and African slaves. even if the ebook is meant to assist Africanists know the way Africans fared within the Americas, its major goal is to provide readers acquainted with Afro-American background a fuller and extra dynamic imaginative and prescient of Africa, to allow them to see the African slave as an African and never simply as a laborer.
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Additional info for Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680
Rd, in Levtzion and Hopkins, Corpus, p. 49; Abu 'Ubayd 'Abd Allah b. , pp. 77-85; and ai-Jdrisi, "Nuzhat," in . . , pp. 110-11. 48 These sources are often reflected in the maps of the era; see the discussion m de Ia Ronciere, Decouverte 1:121-41. Most of these maps are reproduced in Kamal, Monumenta. For a detailed discussion of the sources of the Mallorcan group, see Yoro K. Fall, L'Afrique II Ia naissance de Ia cartograplrie modeme: Les cartes majorquines, XlVe-XVe siec/es (Paris, 1982), pp.
Consequently, they tended to be long and very low in the water. They were almost always powered by oars or paddles and thus were maneuverable independent of the wind. They drew little water and could operate on the coast and in rivers, creeks, and inland estuaries and lagoons. Craft that were designed to carry soldiers could, according to contemporary witnesses, carry from fifty to one hundred men. 1o3 These specialized craft presented a small, fast, and difficult target for European weapons, and they carried substantial firepower in their archers and javelinmen.
Oo. Re~ounted in Zurara, Cr6nica, chap. 79; see additional details in de Barros, Decadas de Asra I, bk. 1, chap. 12; de Barros was a sixteenth-century writer who saw documents on this expedition in the archives of Portugal. On the general situation, see Florentino Perez Embid, Los descubrimientos en el Atlmrtico y Ia rivalidad castellano-portuguesa hasta el Tratado de Tordesi/las (Seville, 1948). See Luiz Suarez Fernandez, Relaciones entre Portugal y Castilla en Ia epoca del Infante D. Henrique (Valladolid, 1960), pp.
Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680 by John Thornton