By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann
"After the Nazi Racial nation deals a complete, persuasive, and impressive argument in prefer of creating 'race' a extra critical analytical class for the writing of post-1945 historical past. this can be an exceptionally very important undertaking, and the quantity certainly has the capability to reshape the sector of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, college of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race considering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra largely, after the death of the Nazi racial country? This e-book investigates the afterlife of "race" when you consider that 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal eu empire. Drawing on case stories of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most crucial minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors aspect continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and provide the beginnings of a historical past of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to contemplate the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and hard work migration afflicted nativist notions of nationwide and ecu identity.After the Nazi Racial kingdom poses interpretative questions for the ancient figuring out of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended heritage of "race." This e-book explores why the concept that of "race" turned taboo as a device for knowing German society after 1945. such a lot crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic outcomes of this made up our minds retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of background on the collage of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential learn Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt special collage Professor of up to date background on the collage of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of heritage at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.
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Additional info for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)
President Ronald Reagan to lay a wreath at the Bitburg military cemetery in spite of the presence of SS graves was roundly condemned—in large part because it seemed to assert that Vergangenheitsbewältigung no longer need be at the center of German democracy. The fact that a proper attitude toward the Nazi past has remained a cornerstone of German democracy was starkly illustrated in the recent response to the Hitler salute mimed by Nigerian soccer player Adebowale Ogungbure. Local authorities condemned his illegal gesture as improper and antithetical to a democratic German society, more concerned with the legality of his act than the fact that Ogungbure was responding to undisguised acts of racism.
It is noteworthy that this analysis continues to marginalize the place of racism in German society, if in a somewhat dif- 24 After the Nazi Racial State ferent way than before 1990. ) Such conceptual framing of the post–Cold War order seemingly derives from, and perpetuates, a celebratory narrative of the stability, strength, and success of West German capitalist democracy. It once again discourages a critical self-examination among (West) Germans when it comes to issues of native racial ideology and practice.
What came home to the Germans after 1945 was not just their former state enemies, but their declared racial enemies as well: Blacks, Jews, Slavs, and other so-called “Asiatics” who served in Allied armies or were liberated as slave laborers, POWs, or concentration and death camp inmates. 13 In 1945, German state of‹cials attempted to nullify the reproductive consequences of conquest by temporarily relaxing Paragraph 218, which outlawed abortion. ”14 In liberalizing abortion policy, German of‹cials speci‹cally targeted “miscegenist” rape by enemy soldiers.
After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany) by Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann