By Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council
This booklet examines capability applied sciences for changing antipersonnel landmines by means of 2006, the U.S. aim date for signing a world treaty banning those guns. replacement applied sciences to switch Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the function that expertise can play to permit convinced guns for use extra selectively, decreasing the risk to uninvolved civilians whereas bettering the effectiveness of the U.S. army. Landmines are a massive weapon within the U.S. military's arsenal however the continual style may cause unintentional casualties, to either civilians and pleasant forces. New applied sciences might change a few, yet now not all, of the U.S. military's antipersonnel landmines via 2006. within the interval following 2006, rising applied sciences may perhaps do away with the landmine completely, whereas protecting the mandatory functionalities that modern-day mines supply to the army.
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Extra resources for Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines
S. Navy, 1995). S. S. Air Force, 1998). The change is based on the conviction that good intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance combined with modern aircraft and weaponry will enable the Air Force to find, fix, track, and target anything that moves on the surface of the earth. Information superiority, along with a command and control capability that can coordinate activities and integrate them smoothly with those of the other services, will be an important factor in the Air Force’s ability 22 ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES TO REPLACE ANTIPERSONNEL LANDMINES to achieve global-engagement capability.
If the munition sensors were based on radio signals, they could identify friends and foes with passive or semiactive electronic devices. Building Clearance Once a building or facility has been cleared of personnel, it would be useful to have a system capable of maintaining the building’s cleared status without requiring large numbers of troops. Current mines could be used, but the risk of injury to friendly forces and noncombatants would be high. Future mine-like devices consisting of communicating sensors and nonlethal munitions would be safe for civilians and could automatically warn the tactical information system of intrusions.
As warfare was extended to the air, concerns about the treatment of civilians in enemy territory increased, and in 1949 the international community addressed the issue of the safety of noncombatants in the Geneva Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (ICRC, 1949). Throughout this report, the committee uses the term humanitarian, which can be construed to have more than one meaning. The principal meaning is the effort to protect noncombatants from the effects of wartime weapons.
Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines by Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council