By B. Mohammadi
Aimed toward utilized mathematicians attracted to the numerical simulation of turbulent flows. situated round the okay- version, it additionally bargains with different types comparable to one equation versions, subgrid scale versions and Reynolds pressure types. provides the ok- procedure for turbulence in a language standard to utilized mathematicians, yet has not one of the technicalities of turbulence idea.
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Extra resources for Analysis of the K-Epsilon Turbulence Model
C-O takes precedence over -C-C). If there are differing numbers of bonds to the higher-priority atoms, the atom with the larger number of such bonds takes precedence. 2 Sequence rules for the Rand S configurations. Hem (5 ) 22 STEROID ANALYSIS For example: -C / o ~o takes precedence over -C c / ~o whereas / c -C-C ~C / > -C-C C ~H / H > -C-C ~H > - CH 3 If priorities are not decided by the second atoms in each chain, the search continues down the 'senior' branch of each chain until a deciding difference is found.
It lies within ring A but is exocyc1ic with respect to ring B. 2. Examples of calculations for dienes and trienes (a) Steroidal 3,5-diene (1) Parent diene system 3 ring-residue C-C bonds (r) Exocyclic character (e) of 5,6 double bond Total Found (b) Steroidal 5,7-diene nm 214 15 5 234 234 (in ether) ctJb r e (2) Parent diene system Increment for homoannular diene 4 ring-residue C-C bonds (r) Exocyclic character (e) of both double bonds Total Found nm 214 39 20 10 283 280 (in ether) 32 STEROID ANALYSIS (c) SteroidaI3,5,7-triene (3) Parent diene system Increment for extra conjugated C=C Increment for homoannular diene 4 ring-residue C-C bonds (r) Exocyclic character (e) of two double bonds Total Found nm 214 30 39 20 10 313 316 (d) A 5,7,10(19)-triene (vitamin D series) R (4) Parent diene system Increment for extra conjugated C=C 4 ring-residue C-C bonds (r) Exocyclic character (e) of each double bond Total Found nm 214 30 20 15 279 265 The large discrepancy in the last example illustrates a weakness of the rules for calculating Amax, in that they assume that the conjugated system of C=C bonds lies approximately in a plane.
4 (a) ORD and CD curves for (A) 5a-androstan-16-one and (B) A-nor-5a-androstan-2one. Reproduced from Kirk (1986). (b) CD and UV curves for (C) 3P-hydroxy-5a-androstan-17one. Modified from Snatzke (1967). 38 STEROID ANALYSIS Cotton effect curve is conventionally designated as having either positive or negative sign, according to the sign of the maximum at longer wavelength. The amplitude of the curve (a) is the total change in value of [IX] from peak to trough, appropriately signed. ,196S). It measures the difference (I:) between the extinction coefficients for left- and right-circularly polarised light, as a function of wavelength.
Analysis of the K-Epsilon Turbulence Model by B. Mohammadi